Knowledge Base

GIC and Geographic Data View

Simulator’s Geographic Data View feature is uniquely suited for visualizing geomagnetically induced current (GIC) flows over a wide area. In the graphic below, each substation is depicted by a colored circle. The size of the circle is proportional to the GIC flowing through the neutral, while the color indicated whether GIC is flowing into or […]

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August 18, 2015

WECC RAS and Contingency Workshop Materials

PowerWorld Corporation staff led a RAS Modeling Workshop at WECC offices on May 27 – 29, 2015 in Salt Lake City.  This workshop consisted generally of the following material. 3 hours of pure presentations 4 hours of basic software training on PowerWorld Simulator 7 hours of hands-on workshop with engineers from throughout WECC sitting down to model […]

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June 2, 2015

GIC and Substation Coordinates for Line Taps

To properly perform geomagnetic induced current (GIC) analysis, substation geographic coordinates (longitude, latitude) must be provided for all substations that contain terminals of transmission lines for which a GIC-induced equivalent DC voltage is applied. Generally this includes all lines greater than the minimum length and minimum voltage specified on the GIC Analysis Form. The need for coordinates […]

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March 26, 2015

Assigning Costs to Control Adjustments in OPF

Download the example files. Simulator’s Optimal Power Flow (OPF) has 2 options for objective functions: Minimum Cost or Minimum Control Change. Generally Minimum Cost is used where generator bids or costs and load benefits are known. Minimum Control Change is used where it is desirable to relieve transmission overloads with minimum deviation from the present […]

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March 2, 2015

Transformer GIC Thermal Response

This spreadsheet (revised November 3, 2017) includes sample formulas for calculating transformer winding and metallic parts hot spot temperatures as described in the NERC white papers Transformer Thermal Impact Assessment White Paper and Screening Criterion for Transformer Thermal Impact Assessment. It is provided with the following disclaimers: Input parameters in this spreadsheet are samples provided for illustration […]

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February 9, 2015

Optimal Power Flow with Load Dispatch

Download the example files. These examples show how Simulator’s Optimal Power Flow (OPF) may be used with dispatchable loads to relive transmission overloading. First, the OPF may be used with the minimum control change objective function. Here, the “cost” of changing a control (generator or load output) is the same for each MW of change […]

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January 5, 2015

How to specify different Voltage Deviation Limits for different buses in Contingency Analysis

PowerWorld Simulator allows you to monitor for violations based on the change in a value relative to the reference state (base case).  This was already covered in the knowledge base article at WECC Post Contingency Voltage Drop Criteria Monitoring.  This works well if you have the same percentage drop violation for all buses in your system. […]

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January 2, 2015

Interactive Tutorial

This tutorial features a fictitious power system the size of a medium-sized city. The simulations explore several facets of power system planning and operations, including: addition or removal of transmission facilities addition, de-rating, or removal of generating resources demand response and use of customer-owned generation, such as rooftop solar physical or cyber attack on a […]

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December 3, 2014

Transformer Time-Series for NERC Benchmark GMD Event and Supplemental GMD Event

The following input files may be loaded to automatically simulate the time-series surface electric fields in the  NERC Benchmark Geomagnetic Disturbance Event (May 12, 2016) and Supplemental Event. Benchmark Event (updated November 2, 2017) Supplemental Event (updated June 8, 2018) From PowerWorld Simulator GIC, choose the “Spatially Uniform Time-Varying E-Field” Calculation Mode. Then point to the downloaded CSV file in the “Time-Varying […]

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October 10, 2014